The precautionary measures job-seekers could take to protect themselves against suspected spoof emails have been mentioned above.

1. If you have not heard the name of the company before, search on Yahoo, Google or MSN to see if the company has a genuine website.
2. Even if it has a website, check if other people have reported that the employer has been involved in job scams previously.
3. If the mail offers a job without a face to face interview
4. If the mail offers you a job you have not applied for
5. If the mail asks for your personal, non-work related information such as credit card numbers or bank information over phone or email
6. If the mailer asks for money-transfers, or payment for any employment/recruitment related purpose, such as immigration and visa processing, travel etc..
7. If the mailer has used free email IDs to contact you or as ‘reply to’ email IDs. For example, if you get a job offer from XYZ Petroleum Company, and their email ID is or then it is most probably a fake company. Real companies use their own domain name on their email, and do not use free email providers.
8. If the ‘reply to’ email ID is different from the ‘from’ email ID
9. If the contact telephone numbers are mobile phone numbers only, and no landline numbers are given

These guidelines are provided to you by, I hope this will help you in long run to detect email scams.